Friday, May 22, 2020

The Tempest By William Shakespeare And Inferno - 1358 Words

Written about 300 years apart, The Tempest, a play, by William Shakespeare and Inferno, a poem, by Dante, both highlight the topic of justice. Being from different time periods and composing stories of different genres, having different definitions of justice. Justice in The Tempest is Prospero, the protagonist who is stranded on an island, returning to Milan and reclaiming his rightful dukedom. Justice in Inferno is divine, with God’s creation of nine levels of Hell with individualized punishments for sinners. In both texts, Shakespeare and Dante similarly prove that justice is hypocritical and selfish with three components: their motives in writing the stories, the cruel actions taken to bring about justice, and the desired balances that the justice creates. These three overarching characteristics, however, vary in the content of the actions, the balances, and the motives. The authors’ motives for writing contrast. Dante Alighieri wrote Inferno while wandering, having been exiled from Italy. In writing Inferno as one of the three parts in the Divine Comedy, he was channeling his loss of hope and feelings of injustice in the world. He writes, â€Å"Midway on our life’s journey, I found myself/In dark woods, the right road lost. To tell/About those woods is hard—so tangled and rough/And savage that thinking of it now, I feel/the old fear stirring: death is hardly more bitter.† Dante wants people to see the injustices done to him in the world, feel his pain, and experience theShow MoreRelatedThe Question of Justice in Dantes The Inferno and Shakespeares The Tempest1405 Words   |  6 PagesThe Question of Justice in Dantes The Inferno and Shakespeares The Tempest Dante Alighieri lived in the 13th- and 14th centuries Florence, Italy, and wrote his famous comedy The Inferno in response to the political and social events of his environment. William Shakespeare lived in late 16th and early 17th centuries and his play The Tempest is a critical commentary on the problems facing England at the time. Despite the fact that the two authors lived in different societies at different times,Read MoreKing Lear By William Shakespeare1612 Words   |  7 PagesThe overarching theme that surrounds King Lear by William Shakespeare is justice to nearly all. The play opens in a royal â€Å"court,† but this court is unjust with wicked people such as King Lear, Goneril, Regan, Duke of Gloucester, Edmund, and numerous others. The justice does not come in this literal court, but the figurative court of nature. Stunningly reprimanded by two of his three daughters, along with the natural tempest that causes him to be enveloped by insanity King Lear is punished. GonerilRead Morethatcher4803 Words   |  20 PagesHopkins, â€Å"The Windhover†, â€Å"I wake and feel the fell of dark†¦Ã¢â‚¬  2. William Shakespeare, Sonnets 1-7 3. John Donne, â€Å"Valediction Forbidding Mourning†, â€Å"The Flea†, â€Å"Hymn to God, My God in my Sickness† 4. George Herbert, â€Å"The Collar†, â€Å"The Altar†, â€Å"Love III† 5. Andrew Marvell, â€Å"To his Coy Mistress† 6. T.S. Eliot, â€Å"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock†, â€Å"Journey of the Magi† 2. Poems for individual reading: 1. William Shakespeare Sonnet 73 (â€Å"That time of year†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ) 2. John Donne, â€Å"Holy Sonnet I†

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Racism, Prejudice, And Stereotypes Essay - 1905 Words

Nothing to See Here, Move Along So much of what we do, say and feel is based on context (Kellner). In one group, some things are acceptable while the same actions or words in another group are not. Dropping an F-bomb at the bar with your friends is much different than during a job interview or perhaps in front of your mother. The context for viewing this movie is a class where we look for and acknowledge the stigma of racial stereotypes as presented by the media. People, for the most part, do not go to the movies, thinking about stereotypes or racism. Tim White defines racism as, â€Å"denying the right of self-determination and the exercise of full autonomy to others (White, 101)† and I think this movie plays right into that definition. It is easy for those of us in this class to see the racism, bigotry, and stereotypes that are present in this movie. Unfortunately, I do not think the general public, especially a predominately white public will see the film through that same context. There will be those who are cognizant of the way media affects us and our notion of â€Å"us† and â€Å"them† (Kellner, 7). A few, will be aware of the ease with which we fall into the belief that people who look a certain way will always act as is expected of them. These characters will act in ways that are accepted as genuine and a realistic representation of people of certain ethnicities. Far to many people will not see what the intended message of these characters, in this setting, is. Unfortunately,Show MoreRelatedRacial Stereotypes, Racism, Prejudice, And Stereotypes Essay1720 Words   |  7 Pageswhere we look for and acknowledge the stigma of racial stereotypes as presented by media. People, for the most part, do not go to the movies thinking about stereotypes or racism. Tim White defines racism as, â€Å"denying the right of self-determination and the exercise of full autonomy to others (White 101)† and I think this movie plays right into that definition. It is easy for those of us in this class to see the racism, bigotry, and stereotypes that are present in this movie. Unfortunately, I do notRead MoreStereotyping: The Nature of Prejudice1539 Words   |  7 Pagesunderstand and have gone through stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Social Psychologists make a distinction between these by concentrating on either they include emotions, understanding, or attitudes. Racism is the influence, or reaction, visible feature of this triad. Racism includes a contradicting approach into individuals situated on their association in a specific organization. The psychological visible feature is stereotyping. Stereotypes are feelings concerning the characteristicsRead MoreLow Income Countries Are Affected By Having Limited Access To Health Care Essay1111 Words   |  5 Pagesthe technology we have in today’s world but what’s causes high and middle income countries from helping to defeat these problems? Discuss the relationships among the concepts racism, stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. What, specifically, makes them distinct from one another? Concepts of racism, stereo types, prejudice, and discrimination have been all over the news and social media over the last few years here in the United States but do these terms mean exactly? There are multiple differentRead MoreRacism And The South And Police Brutality1378 Words   |  6 PagesRacism is prejudice plus power (influence, status and authority). It exists in many different forms and in almost every facade of society; from subtle discrimination in everyday life and scandals in politics, to occurrences like lynching’s in the South and Police Brutality. Racism is complicated, systemic and institutional as described by researchers; (Jones, 1997): personal, which may be considered the same as prejudice (Allport, 1958); institutional, involving a set of environmental conditionsRead MorePrejudice1230 Words   |  5 PagesPrejudice Presented By: Nor Anisa Bt. Musa What is Prejudice? * Everyone comes face to face with prejudice at some time or another. * Prejudice is when we recognizethat we feel and act less positively towards others. * The roots of prejudice can be found in the cognitive and emotional processes. * Prejudice may be perceived as acceptable and justified * All inequality and differential treatment is not perceived and responded to in the same way. The nature and origins of streotypingRead MoreEssay on Defining Racial Discrimination?775 Words   |  4 PagesFor discrimination to occur both power and prejudice need to come together, forming barriers that oppress a person or group of people deemed inferior. Discrimination can be intentional or unintentional. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines racism, as the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities, and produces an inherent superiority of a particular race. Racial discrimination refers to discriminatory actions based on race or skin color. Racial discrimination canRead MorePersuasive Essay On Racism1271 Words   |  6 Pagesthe options to chose our race. Yet we are still being ridiculed from what we are born with. Racism is one of many elements that in the United States of America affects our society. However, there is a hidden problem that promotes racism. It is the fact that a lot of people try to make themselves believe that racism doesn t exist. But unfortunately, it still does. Everyone knows about the problem of racism but don t realize that they are supporting the problem by discriminating against other peopleRead MoreRacism : The Unseen Monster1511 Words   |  7 Pagesmonster as old as mankind itself. This monster is known by many names; some call it racism, others discrimination but the only thing certain about this monstrosity is that it can be overcome if we all unite to fight against it. Racism is â€Å"a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race† (Merriam Webster). Racism has multiple causes ranging from living in a secluded community, to the basic instinctsRead MorePersuasive Essay On Discrimination And Discrimination705 Words   |  3 Pagescategories may lead to unconscious prejudice and discrimination. Because it is seen as something that doesn’t cause damage, it can lead to hurtful unaware responses to many people. Tackling such a serious issue is a must by a central social work to get beyond it because discrimination can lead to hate under the big umbrella of what is called racism. Racism, one of the worlds most horrible and destructive problems, is making false stereotypes and also occurs when prejudice and discrimination come intoRead MoreThe Origins Of Racism1281 Words   |  6 PagesThe origins of racism in our individual lives are difficult to trace. Our everyday lives are polluted with racist jokes, unfair treatment, and inequality. As well as negative stereotypes that create disadvantages, in the work place, education, and in public. We are constantly surrounded by this polluted air and must face these disadvantages. No matter what race, color, class or gender we are, we have a voice and the ability to counteract racism and prejudices and eliminate the racial smog that surrounds

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Antigone †Foils Free Essays

Antigone Foil – characters who have contrasting or opposite qualities. In the play Antigone by Sophocles, Ismene is shown to be in great contrast to Antigone, who is her sister. She is portrayed as a gentle and passive while Antigone is depicted as an aggressive and headstrong woman. We will write a custom essay sample on Antigone – Foils or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the prologue, Antigone and Ismene are shown discussing what has transpired since their leave and subsequent return to Thebes. In this scene Antigone asks her sister in line 6-7 â€Å"have they told you of the new decree by our King Creon? † which Ismene then responds that â€Å"I have learned nothing. I know that two sisters lost two brothers, a double death in a single hour, and I know that the Argive army fled in the night; but beyond this, nothing† (Sophocles 0:7-9). In this Ismene is show to be not very well informed and â€Å"out of the fold† while Antigone seems to know in detail all that has occurred and all that has yet to occur as seen when she replies to Ismene that â€Å"Creon buried our brother Eteocles with military honors, gave him a soldier’s funeral, and it was right that he should; but Polyneices, who fought as bravely and dies as miserably – they say that Creon has sworn no one shall bury him, no one mourn for him, but his body must lie in the fields, a sweet treasure for carrion birds to find as they search for food. That is what they say, and our good Creon is coming here to announce it publicly; and the penalty – stoning to death in the public square! There it is, and now you can prove what you are: A true sister or a traitor to your family† (Sophocles 0:15-27). How to cite Antigone – Foils, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

The Ebola Virus Investigating A Killer Essays - Biological Weapons

The Ebola Virus: Investigating A Killer The female scientist, fully dressed in a quarantine outfit, anxiously prepared to inject a sedative into the arm of the delirious patient. Although he was being held down by several pairs of arms, he was still putting up a good fight. The needle goes in. He jerks. The needle flicks into the forefinger of the scientist. The scientist stares at her finger in shock and disbelief, and runs away. It would only be a few days now before she would die. Thankfully, this is only a scene out of the 1995 box-office hit, Outbreak (Fig. 3), which was about Americans fighting against the spread of a nationwide epidemic caused by one of the most feared viruses of our time: the Ebola virus. I chose this topic out of curiosity; everyone shudders at the mention of this virus, and I have always wondered why people do so. This project will give me the opportunity to further investigate what are the factors which make the Ebola virus so deadly and so feared by man. What exactly is Ebola? Ebola is a viral hemorrhagic fever actually named after the River Ebola in Zaire, Africa, where it was first discovered. It belongs to a genus of ribonucleic viruses called filoviruses, under the family Filofiridae, which are characterized by their filament-like (thread-like) appearance with a little hook or loop at the end. Only five viruses exist in this family: the not-as-deadly Marburg, and the four Ebola strains: Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Ebola Tai and Ebola Reston. The latter only affects monkeys and hence is not harmful to man. (Ebola-Reston-infected monkeys display symptoms similar to the symptoms of the Ebola- Zaire virus shown in humans.) The first emergence of Ebola into the modern world took place in 1976, its grand entrance in the form of two major outbreaks which happened almost simultaneously in Zaire (Fig. 2) and western Sudan, Africa. The mortality rate was 88% in Zaire and 53% in Sudan. More than 550 cases were reported and more than 340 died. The third outbreak took place in Sudan in the same area as before, resulting in 34 cases and 22 deaths. More recently, outbreaks have occurred in Kikwit, Zaire in 1994, and Gabon in 1994 and 1996. The most recent outbreak may have possibly taken place in Congo in early 1999; a virus similar to Ebola killed 63 people. There has only been one recorded case of Ebola Tai infection: in 1994, a Swiss researcher caught the virus after conducting an autopsy on a chimpanzee in the Tai Forest, Ivory Coast. She was given intensive treatment in Switzerland, and survived. In total, there have been 1100 cases and 793 deaths officially resulting in Ebola since its discovery. (Tables I and II) The viruses in this family range from 800 to 1000 nanometers in length. Marburg and Ebola are distinguished by their length after purification. Infectivity depends on particular lengths: the longer, the more infectious. All Ebola viruses measure up to about the same length. Each virus particle consists of a helical-coiled tube made of four virally encoded proteins. This strand of RNA is found in an envelope formed from the hosts plasma cell membrane, which is now spiked with another carbohydrate-coated viral protein. Differences in gene sequence and very small differences in serological nature are what make each Ebola virus unique from each other, with its own antigenic and biological properties. The time needed for Ebola virus replication in infected body cells takes less than eight hours. Hundreds to thousands of new viral particles can be produced and released from the host cell within days or even hours before the host cell dies. This replication process is repeated several times in an Ebola patient before symptoms begin to show. The diagnosis of Ebola is made by the detection of Ebola antibodies, antigens or genetic material, or by the culture of the virus, in blood or other bodily fluid specimens that are examined in specialized laboratory tests. Such tests present a very extreme biohazard, so they are conducted in special high-containment laboratories to ensure maximum protection for scientists. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has classified the Ebola virus under Biosafety Level 4, which

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Different Perspectives on the Nature of the Inconsolable Grief Essay Example

Different Perspectives on the Nature of the Inconsolable Grief Essay Example Different Perspectives on the Nature of the Inconsolable Grief Paper Different Perspectives on the Nature of the Inconsolable Grief Paper Grief is such a dark concept. It has the ability to envelope a person with darkness and burden which may push down his or her soul into a state of inconsolable anguish. Many real life experiences of having to deal with death have taught the world that there are things which are hard to cope with. Grief, no matter what its causes, has been a dreaded experience due to the profound and dreary sentiment associated with it. Grief may also cause fear and distress to its victims, rendering them incapable of appreciating the light and the pleasant bounties of life since their eyes are blinded by the sorrow they are feeling. Indeed, grief is always a painful process to go through. This process of grieving was explored and expounded by Elisabeth Kà ¼bler-Ross (1973). Her explanation deals with the grief experienced by people during a death of a loved one. She looked at grief as a process wherein people experience difficulty in different intensity and levels. In her book On Death and Dying, Kà ¼bler-Ross (1973) enumerated five stages of grief. The Denial stage, which is the first of the five stages, is the event when the grieving person rejects the fact of the cause of grief. This is often manifested when an individual grieves at the loss of a loved one. The death is usually denied, for the grieving person often finds it hard to accept the painful truth of loss in the beginning (Kà ¼bler-Ross, 1973). The second stage is Anger. In this stage, the grieving person will usually question fate or even God for subjecting him or her to a harsh experience. Once a person deals with grief, he or she usually tries to think whether the experience is a punishment for any misdeed in the past or a mere injustice of fate (Kà ¼bler-Ross, 1973). After anger, Bargaining happens. People who are already in this stage of grief will try to compromise or exchange something valuable for the chance of getting over grief immediately. Grief can come to a point when desperation of moving on will occupy an individual and cause him or her to do anything just to overcome the experience. The fourth stage, according to Kà ¼bler-Ross (1973), is Depression, the stage when the grieving person will feel like he or she does not want to care anymore because of numbness and exasperation. Finally, Acceptance eventually comes. This is the point when the person starts to prepare for the things that may come (Kà ¼bler-Ross, 1973). In several ways, John Bowlby, who has also been prominent in discussion about grief, supported Kà ¼bler-Ross’ perspectives. Just like Kà ¼bler-Ross, he sees the grief process as aiming to get to a resolution point where everything will just end (Christianson Johnson, 2001). Moreover, together with C. Murray Parkes, Bowlby (n.d.) presented an outline of the grief process similar to Kà ¼bler-Ross’ stages of grief (cited in Christianson Johnson, 2001). This outline contains the following: â€Å"1) shock and numbness; 2) yearning and searching; 3) disorientation and disorganization; and 4) resolution and reorganization† (cited in Christianson Johnson, 2001, n.p.). Considering the stages of the theories of Kà ¼bler-Ross and Bowlby, it could be assumed that, although people experience the levels of grief at varying intensity and duration, their grief will only come to pass with acceptance and resolve to overcome the grieving process. This process of grief, especially the stage of anger, was clearly depicted in C.S. Lewis’ A Grief Observed. Using his personal experience when he lost his wife, he described grief as a state wherein difficult questions may seem to surface in the grieving person’s mind, and that he or she tends to direct these questions towards God, the One who seems to make everything happen. Lewis’ experiences reflect the reality that people tend to question God whenever they lose a loved one since they would think He is the only one who has the ability to make such painful things happen. His story presents the idea that people oftentimes find God unwelcoming compared to times when people seek him for praise and thanksgiving. â€Å"When you are happy, so happy that you have no sense of needing Him [†¦] if you remember yourself and turn to Him with gratitude and praise, you will be - or so it feels - welcomed with open arms. But go to Him when your need is desperate, when all other help is vain, and what do you find? A door slammed in your face.† (Lewis, 1963, p. 5) Considering the aforementioned thoughts and perspectives about grief, it can be inferred that grief is a natural yet very difficult process every person may go through anytime. More than the chance to recover immediately, it appears that people experiencing grief also need enlightenment and guidance since the grief tends to cloud up their minds by questions and thoughts of injustice which can sometimes be very deceiving. Perhaps, grief must be faced, and a person must indeed face it with utmost strength and belief in him- or herself that he or she will be able to go through it. While it leaves painful memories, grief must also be seen as a learning experience that teaches people to give importance to everything and everyone that they have while they still exist. This is because only when something or someone is lost that its or his/her value will be realized, and this is the moment when grief will be most painful. References Christianson, C. Johnson, V. (2001). The Grief Process. Birth Defects Genetics Center. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from usd.edu/med/som/genetics/curriculum/4DGRIEF4.htm. Kastenbaum, R. Acute Grief. Death Reference. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from deathreference.com/Gi-Ho/Grief.html Kà ¼bler-Ross, E. (1973). On Death and Dying. Great Britain: Tavistock Publication Limited. Lewis, C. S. (1963). A Grief Observed. New York: Seabury Press.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

10 Facts to Learn About Spanish Verbs

10 Facts to Learn About Spanish Verbs There are a wide array of things to keep in mind about Spanish verbs when youre a beginner Spanish student. Here are 10 useful facts about Spanish verbs that will come in handy to know as you learn Spanish: Ten Facts About Spanish Verbs 1. The most basic form of the Spanish verb is the infinitive.  Infinitives are usually seen as the equivalent of the to form of verbs in English, such as to eat and to love. Spanish infinitives always end in -ar, -er or -ir, in that order of frequency. 2. Spanish infinitives can function as masculine nouns. For example, in creer es la clave (believing is the key), creer is acting like a noun. 3. Spanish verbs are extensively conjugated. Most often, the -ar, -er or -ir endings of verbs are replaced with another ending, although sometimes an ending is added to the complete verb. These endings can be used to indicate who is performing the action of the verb, when the action occurred and, to some extent, how the verb relates to other parts of the sentence. 4. Most verbs are conjugated regularly, which means that if you know the infinitive ending (such as -ar) you can predict how it will be conjugated, but the most-used verbs usually are conjugated irregularly. 5. Some verbs dont exist in all conjugated forms. These are known as defective verbs. The most common defective verbs are the weather verbs such as nevar (to snow) and llover (to rain), which are used only in the third person. 6. Spanish verbs very commonly are used without a subject. Because conjugation can indicate who is performing the action, an explicit subject often isnt necessary. For example, it is clear that canto bien means I sing well, and it is not necessary to include yo, the word for I. In other words, subject pronouns are frequently omitted. 7. Verbs can be classified as transitive or intransitive. The same is true in English. A transitive verb needs a noun or pronoun, known as an object, with it in order to express a complete thought; an intransitive verb does not. Some verbs are transitive and intransitive. 8. Spanish has two verbs that are almost always the equivalent of to be in English. They are ser and estar, and you can very seldom substitute one for the other. 9. The subjunctive verb mood is extremely common in Spanish even though it has mostly disappeared in English. 10. When new verbs are added to the language, they are frequently given an s of such verbs, all of them imported from English, include tweetear (to tweet), surfear (to surf) and even snowboardear.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Examine how nirvana might be said to be the goal of Buddhist mysticism Essay

Examine how nirvana might be said to be the goal of Buddhist mysticism - Essay Example It is mainly an enlightenment state, meaning that an individual who gets what he or she desires with no suffering. As scholars of religion would have it, Buddhism may not merely be a pact of religious doctrines, but also is seen as a pact expounding on the best of life. In this pact, it is seen as a whole civilization concerning its historical background in tandem with its literature, philosophy, and the art. The religion of Buddhism explores all the facets of human life3. To understand humanity, and the aspects of his socialization, his ethics, his intellectual, his spiritual and economic status as well as mental development, Buddhism religion seem to provide a promising state. The ultimate result of Buddhism leads to an enlightenment of the being and this is the core in experiencing the state of nirvana. The goal of Buddhism is the aspect and practice of nirvana. Everyone who understands Buddhism well, he, or she can agree that nirvana is one of the goals of the religion. According to how Buddha preached about nirvana in India, the human being comes to life from nowhere. This is due to a combination of elements and things. Human beings have no creator and most of Buddhism followers believe that. They believe that human beings just fall from nowhere to earth through a mysterious process and they find themselves in phenomenal universe that is full of inanimate and animate objects. Therefore, personality, beingness, and existence all manifest from an emptiness (sunya) state or nothingness or non-existence through an aggregation process. In its simplest terms, nirvana is the state of perfect peace and happiness that a follower of the religion actualizes as th e long-term goal. Nothing is above its experience. This noble realization of nirvana, makes the religion seem practical. As a result, many would agree that the Buddhism religion is more likely alive in understanding the complex nature of humanity. It helps humanity become more deeply